After a Stroke
Complications after a stroke are not uncommon. Some happen as a direct
result of injury to the brain due to the stroke, others may be due to
a change in abilities. Clinical depression can also occur with a stroke.
The most common complications are:
- Brain edema (swelling of the brain)
- Clinical depression
- Limb contractures - shortened muscles in tn arm or leg from reduced range
of motion or lack of exercise
- Shoulder pain - from lack of support of arm. It usually is caused when
the affected arm hangs resulting in pulling of the arm on the shoulder
- Deep venous thrombosis - blood clots form in veins in the legs because
- Urinary tract infection and bladder control - urgency and incontinence
Medical treatment may include medical supervision and drug therapies.
Physical therapy may be prescribed for range of motion exercises and to
avoid limb contracture and shoulder pain. Swallowing and respiratory therapy
may be prescribed to decrease the risk of pneumonia. Bladder training
programs may help with incontinence.
Psychological treatment may include antidepressant medication, psychotherapy
or a combination of both.